Abstract ID: 3238

Primary Topic: Mind-body (including meditation and yoga)
Secondary Topic: Interprofessional education
Tertiary Topic: Curriculum design and development

Mindfulness for Healthcare Professionals: A Long-Term Follow-Up and Mixed-Methods Investigation of an Interdisciplinary Course
Sarah E Braun, MS; Andrew Harris, BSN; Caroline Carrico, PhD; George Deeb, MD, DDS; Alan Dow, MD, MSHA; Patricia Kinser, PhD, WHNP, RN, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States

Late Breaker: No

Purpose

Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) may help reduce healthcare professional (HCP) burnout and stress-related outcomes. However, few studies have investigated the long-term effects of MBIs in interdisciplinary HCPs. Furthermore, more research is needed to better understand HCP perceptions of mindfulness’ effects and practice in the context of HCP work. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a MBI for interdisciplinary HCPs over time and at a long-term follow-up, and to explore perceived benefits, facilitators, and barriers to the practice of mindfulness following a MBI for HCPs (MBSR-HP).

Methods/Session Format

Repeated measures, within-in subject design was used to investigate the effects of MBSR-HP pre-/post-intervention and at a long-term follow-up on validated measures of burnout, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and dispositional mindfulness (the tendency to be mindful in one’s daily life). A semi-structured interview was used to explore participants’ experiences of MBSR-HP and perceived benefits, facilitators, and barriers in the context of HCP work.

[Description of format: If accepted as an oral presentation, the first four minutes will be allocated for an overview of the background and description of the methods. The latter six minutes will be dedicated to a description of the intervention, results, and conclusions. During this portion, participant quotes from the interview, graphs, and tables will be used to disseminate information.]

Results

Eighteen HCPs (88% female) participated in the study. Significant reductions were found for two subscales of burnout: depersonalization; F(2, 17)=5.98, p=0.01, emotional exhaustion F(2, 17)=2.64, p=0.10. Non-significant reductions were found for perceived stress, depressive symptoms, rumination, and anxiety. Three facets of dispositional mindfulness showed significant increases at the long-term follow-up, act aware: F(2,15)=4.47, p=0.03, nonjudge: F(2, 15)=4.7, p=0.03, and nonreactivity: F(2, 15)=3.58, p=0.05. Benefits and facilitators of the continued practice of mindfulness skills included using informal practices and perceived improvements in emotion regulation. Participants reported that integration of mindfulness into their lives was the greatest barrier and the greatest facilitator.

Conclusions

MBSR-HP showed long-term benefit in burnout and dispositional mindfulness. A larger, controlled study should confirm these findings and explore potential moderators for which this study was underpowered. Themes revealed the importance of developing a mindfulness practice that can be integrated into the context of HCP work.