Abstract ID: 3307

Primary Topic: Clinical skills-building
Secondary Topic: State of the science/evidence base for integrative modalities

Anti-Inflammatory Diet in Pediatrics: From Evidence to Practice
Diane L Barsky, MD, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Maria Mascarenhas, MBBS; Hiliary McClaferty, MD, , Tucson , AZ, United States

Late Breaker: No


The role of nutrition in health promotion, disease prevention and treatment is being increasingly recognized. Persistent inflammation is linked to the development of chronic disease. Data from several large international studies have illustrated the many health benefits of the mediterranean and asian diets. The anti-inflammatory diet (AI) which combines these two diets is an evidence-based diet that can be used to decrease inflammation, improve health and prevent chronic disease. It encompasses not just nutrition but a lifestyle approach which includes physical activity, whole foods approach, food preparation, community and farm-to-table concept.


Inflammation is a natural way the body reacts to protect and assist in the healing process.  At times the inflammatory response can persist, contributing to or leading to the development of chronic diseases.  The Anti-Inflammatory (AI)  diet when followed regularly may decrease the inflammatory response and decrease the risk for obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart diease and other associated chronic dieases.  The emphasis of the diet is to maintain and/or improve health through nutrition and life style changes.  The AI diet can be a part of a broad approach to treat chronic disease linked to inflammation.  The focus is not on nutrition instead of medicine, but "Nutrition As Part of Medicine"! This symposium will present a brief history of the diet and summary of research in adults and pediatrics.  The pediatric AI pyramid will be discussed in detail including its development and implementation in clinical practice. 

As the conference focuses on advancing Integrative Health through research, education, clinical practice and policy, we plan to educate participants on the research, education and clinical practice can be used to improve the health of children through nutrition.


  1. Be knowledgeable about the history, benefits and components of the anti-inflammatory diet
  2. Be aware of the research demonstrating the benefits of the anti-inflammatory diet
  3. Be able to implement the anti-inflammatory diet in care of pediatric patients

Methods/Session Format

1st Speaker:  Diane Barsky, MD  (25 minutes)

Definition of the diet, background, components of the Mediterranean and Asian diets, review of research and overall benefits

2nd Speaker: Maria Mascarenhas, MBBS  (25 minutes)

Evidence supporting the AI Diet in Pediatrics: current pediatric research including asthma, ADHD, school performance, non-alcoholic fatty liver diease, hypercholesterolemia and the microbiome

3rd Speaker: Hiliary McClafferty, MD (25 minutes)

Overview and design of Pediatric AI Pyramid, discussion of components and available resources, practical application

Last 15 minutes will be used for questions and answers


Anti-Inflammatory Diet in Pediatrics


History of the development of the anti-inflammatory diet, components, how it blends the Mediterranean and Asian diets, whole foods approach and lifestyle changes including physical activity and mindful eating

Review of the health benefits            


Review of the adult and pediatric literature supporting the use of the AI Diet with respect to cardiovascular risk, obesity, diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, asthma/allergies adn microbiome


Presentation of the Pediatric Anti-Inflammatory Diet Pyramid

Discussion of practical aspects of the AI Diet in pediatric practice and available resources